To characterize the lignin structures and lignin–carbohydrate complex (LCC) linkages, milled wood lignin (MWL) and mild acidolysis lignin (MAL) with a high content of associated carbohydrates were sequentially isolated from ball-milled poplar wood. Quantification of their structural features has been achieved by using a combination of quantitative 13C and 2D HSQC NMR techniques. The results showed that acetylated 4-O-methylgluconoxylan is the main carbohydrate associated with lignins, and acetyl groups frequently acylate the C2 and C3 positions. MWL and MAL exhibited similar structural features. The main substructures were β-O-4′ aryl ether, resinol, and phenylcoumaran, and their abundances per 100 Ar units changed from 41.5 to 43.3, from 14.6 to 12.7, and from 3.7 to 4.0, respectively. The S/G ratios were estimated to be 1.57 and 1.62 for MWL and MAL, respectively. Phenyl glycoside and benzyl ether LCC linkages were clearly quantified, whereas the amount of γ-ester LCC linkages was ambiguous for quantification.