Objertives. To assess costs of video and traditional in-person directly observed therapy (DOT) For tuberculosis (TB) treatment to health departments and patients in New York City, Rhode Island, and San Francisco, California.
Methods. We collected health department costs For video DOT (VDOT; live and recorded), and in-person DOT (Field- and clinic based). Time motion surveys estimated provider time and cost. A separate survey collected patient costs. We used a regression model to estimate cost by DOT type.
Results. Between August 2017 and June 2018, 343 DOT sessions were captured from 775 patients; 87 completed a survey. Patient costs were lowest for VDOT live ($1.01) and highest for clinic DOT ($34.53). The societal (health department + patient) costs of VDOT live and recorded ($6.65 and $17.64, respectively) were less than field and clinic DOT ($21.40 and $46.11, respectively). VDOT recorded health department cost was not statistically different from held DOT cost in Rhode Island.
Conclusions. Among the 4 different modalities, both types of VDOT were associated with lower societal costs when compared with traditional forms of DOT.
Public Health Implications: VDOT was associated with lower costs From the societal perspective and may reduce public health costs when TB incidence is high.