Background: Actinins are major cytoskeletal proteins that mediate sarcomere function, and they also have important non-muscle functions such as regulating cytokinesis, cell adhesion and migration. There are four isoforms of actinins in mammals (ACTN1-4). Recently, the relationship between actinins and cancer has been discovered in many types of malignancy, yet their prognostic significance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains unclear.
Methods: We collected data of 155 de novo AML patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database; 85 patients received chemotherapy only and 70 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). We divided each treatment groups into sub-groups based on the median expression levels of ACTN1-4.
Results: Survival analysis showed that in the chemotherapy-only group, high ACTN1 and ACTN3 expression were associated with shorter event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) (p<0.01). Multivariate analysis suggested that high expression of ACTN1 and ACTN3 (p<0.05) were independent poor prognostic factors. In the allo-HSCT group, ACTN1-4 expression had no impact on survival.
Conclusions: Our study suggested that high expression levels of ACTN1 and ACTN3 adversely affected the survival of AML patients, but their harmful impact could be overcome by allo-HSCT.