Syros, Vasileios
An Early Modern South Asian Thinker on the Rise and Decline of Empires: Shāh Walī Allāh of Delhi, the Mughals, and the Byzantines
Teil von
  • Journal of world history, 2012-12-01, Vol.23 (4), p.793-840
Ort / Verlag
HONOLULU: University of Hawaii Press
Links zum Volltext
JSTOR Arts & Sciences V
This article offers an in-depth discussion of the theory of civilization of Shāh Walī Allāh of Delhi, a prominent Muslim scholar in eighteenth-century India. It shows that Shāh Walī Allāh articulates a naturalistic understanding of the genesis of social life and the evolution of civilization, outlines the factors involved in the decline of the state and the empire, and sets forth a program for dealing with a broad range of emergencies. It explores the ways in which Shāh Walī Allāh's thought relates to previous Islamic political discourse, notably the akhlāq (Tūsī, Dawwānī) and Indo-Islamic (Baranī, Abū'l-Fazl) traditions of political thought. It also investigates Shāh Walī Allāh's use of the Byzantine paradigm as a heuristic device to trace the causes of the dissolution of the Mughal Empire. The article looks at Shāh Walī Allāh's analysis of Byzantine decline from a cross-cultural perspective and places him in conversation with Byzantine political writers who discuss the factors that led to the decay of the Byzantine Empire.
ISSN: 1045-6007
ISSN: 1527-8050
ISSN: 1527-8050
DOI: 10.1353/jwh.2012.0138

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