Curcumin exerts a suppressive effect in tumor growth by acting as a modulator of multiple molecular targets. Circular RNA hsa_circ_0007580 (circ-PRKCA) accelerates the tumorigenesis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, whether curcumin can regulate circ-PRKCA to inhibit NSCLC progression is unclear.
Cell viability, colony formation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were analyzed using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), plate clone, flow cytometry, or transwell assay. Expression of circ-PRKCA, microRNA (miR)-384, and ITGB1 mRNA (integrin subunit beta 1) mRNA were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Curcumin repressed NSCLC growth through regulating circ-PRKCA expression was validated by xenograft assay. The targeting relationship between circ-PRKCA or ITGB1 and miR-384 was verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The level of ITGB1 protein was measured by western blotting.
Circ-PRKCA and ITGB1 expression were elevated in NSCLC tissues and cells, but miR-384 had an opposing tendency. After curcumin treatment, the expression tendency of circ-PRKCA, miR-384, and ITGB1 in NSCLC cells was overturned. Furthermore, curcumin impeded viability, colony formation, migration, invasion, and accelerated apoptosis of NSCLC cells, but these impacts were partially reversed by circ-PRKCA elevation, miR-384 downregulation, or ITGB1 overexpression. Also, the inhibitory effect of curcumin on xenograft tumor was further enhanced after circ-PRKCA knockdown. Notably, circ-PRKCA regulated ITGB1 expression through sponging miR-384 in curcumin-treated NSCLC cells.
Curcumin inhibited NSCLC growth through downregulating circ-PRKCA, which regulated ITGB1 expression by adsorbing miR-384. This study provided a new mechanism to understand how curcumin inhibited the progression of NSCLC.