Autor(en)
Gad, Heba A; Roberts, Autumn; Hamzi, Samirah H; Gad, Haidy A; Touiss, Ilham; Altyar, Ahmed E; Kensara, Osama A; Ashour, Mohamed L
Titel
Jojoba Oil: An Updated Comprehensive Review on Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Uses, and Toxicity
Teil von
  • Polymers, 2021-05-24, Vol.13 (11), p.1711
Ort / Verlag
MDPI AG
Links zum Volltext
Quelle
DOAJ Directory of Open Access Journals
Beschreibungen
Jojoba is a widely used medicinal plant that is cultivated worldwide. Its seeds and oil have a long history of use in folklore to treat various ailments, such as skin and scalp disorders, superficial wounds, sore throat, obesity, and cancer; for improvement of liver functions, enhancement of immunity, and promotion of hair growth. Extensive studies on Jojoba oil showed a wide range of pharmacological applications, including antioxidant, anti-acne and antipsoriasis, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antipyretic, analgesic, antimicrobial, and anti-hyperglycemia activities. In addition, Jojoba oil is widely used in the pharmaceutical industry, especially in cosmetics for topical, transdermal, and parenteral preparations. Jojoba oil also holds value in the industry as an anti-rodent, insecticides, lubricant, surfactant, and a source for the production of bioenergy. Jojoba oil is considered among the top-ranked oils due to its wax, which constitutes about 98% (mainly wax esters, few free fatty acids, alcohols, and hydrocarbons). In addition, sterols and vitamins with few triglyceride esters, flavonoids, phenolic and cyanogenic compounds are also present. The present review represents an updated literature survey about the chemical composition of jojoba oil, its physical properties, pharmacological activities, pharmaceutical and industrial applications, and toxicity.
Format
Sprache(n)
Englisch
Identifikator(en)
ISSN: 2073-4360
ISSN: 2073-4360
DOI: 10.3390/polym13111711
Links zum Inhalt
Schlagwörter
biology, chemistry, jojoba, liquid wax, Simmondsia, toxicity
Systemstelle
Signatur

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