Nagai, Takahiro; Nakamori, Misato
Experimental Infection of Ostreid Herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) JPType1, a Japanese Variant, in Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas Larvae and Spats
Teil von
  • Fish Pathology, 2018/06/15, Vol.53(2), pp.71-77
Ort / Verlag
TOKYO: The Japanese Society of Fish Pathology
Links zum Volltext
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In many locations worldwide, ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) infections are associated with mortalities in Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas primarily during the summer months. ​In the present study, experimental infections were performed to investigate the pathogenicity of OsHV-1 JPType1 (a Japanese variant) in hatchery-reared Pacific oyster larvae and spats. ​The JPType1 virus was prepared from dead oyster spats obtained from a sea cage and was once passed in oyster larvae as the inoculum source of the infection experiments. ​Compared to pediveliger larvae, D-shaped larvae were more susceptible to infections when the larvae were exposed to serially diluted virus solutions at the concentrations of 3.2 × 106, 3.2 × 105 and 3.2 × 104 virus DNA copies/mL. ​Real-time PCR analysis revealed 1.6 × 108 virus DNA copies/ng total DNA in a pooled sample of D-shaped larvae. ​No mortality was observed after 5 days when nine spat groups of differently sizes (mean shell height from 1.8 mm to 6.1 mm) were immersed in seawater containing 2.5 × 106 virus DNA copies/mL; however, 6.3 × 105 virus DNA copies/mg whole weight were detected in a group of spats. ​Virus concentrations were higher in smaller spat groups than in larger spat groups. ​The pathogenicity of OsHV-1 JPType1 in larvae and spats was confirmed; however, it declined with the growth of the oyster.
Japanisch, Englisch
ISSN: 0388-788X
ISSN: 1881-7335
DOI: 10.3147/jsfp.53.71

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