Autor(en)
Aldai, Gontzal
Titel
Complex predicates, simple inflecting verbs, and “uninflecting verbs” in Pre-Basque
Teil von
  • Linguistics, 2020-11-25, Vol.58 (6), p.1609-1658
Ort / Verlag
BERLIN: De Gruyter
Links zum Volltext
Quelle
Web of Science
Beschreibungen
How might Basque have looked before it came in contact with Latin? This interesting line of research may give us an idea of what the pre-Indo-European languages of Europe might have looked like, and it may help clarify how much contact-induced change Basque might have undergone during the last two millennia or so. The present paper puts forward the hypothesis that, towards the end of the Era (BC), Pre-Basque used to have a small class of verbs. These verbs were inflected for person and tense-aspect (although we know little about the specific characteristics of this inflectional system). Together with this small class of verbs, Pre-Basque had a larger group of uninflecting elements that combined with the inflecting verbs to form complex predicates. The group of uninflecting elements included bare nouns, adjectives, possibly adverbs, ideophones, and what I will call “uninflecting verbs”. The exact nature of these “uninflecting verbs” is hard to determine at this point, but they may have constituted a distinct part of speech. Certainly, this type of verbal organization is reminiscent of one common in Northern Australia. Thus, this paper also compares the reconstruction proposed for Pre-Basque with the verbal system typical in Northern Australian languages, to conclude that the similarities are remarkable and, therefore, that the verbal organization of Pre-Basque was quite different from that of the modern Western European languages, including Modern Basque.
Format
Sprache(n)
Englisch
Identifikator(en)
ISSN: 0024-3949
ISSN: 1613-396X
DOI: 10.1515/ling-2020-0230

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