Autor(en)
dos Santos, João Henrique Zimnoch; Gerbase, Annelise Engel; Rodenbusch, Karen Cristina; Pires, Gilvan Pozzebon; Martinelli, Márcia; Bichinho, Kátia Messias
Titel
Hybrid supported zirconocene and niobocene catalysts on MAO-modified silicas
Teil von
  • Journal of molecular catalysis. A, Chemical, 2002, Vol.184 (1), p.167-173
Ort / Verlag
AMSTERDAM: Elsevier B.V
Links zum Volltext
Quelle
ScienceDirect Journals (5 years ago - present)
Beschreibungen
A series of supported metallocene catalysts were prepared by immobilizing ( nBuCp) 2ZrCl 2 and Cp 2NbCl 2 on bare and on MAO-modified silica. Both metallocenes were sequentially grafted on silica under different combinations. Metal loading (Zr, Nb and Al) was determined by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF). Final metal content was shown to be dependent on passivation of silica with MAO, and on the grafting sequence. Higher metal contents (0.42 wt.% Nb/SiO 2 and 1 wt.% Zr/SiO 2) were achieved when the metallocene was grafted onto MAO-modified silica. Cp 2NbCl 2 derivatives were not active in polymerizing ethylene using MAO as co-catalyst (Al/Nb=2000). All the systems containing zirconocene derivatives showed high catalyst activity. Nevertheless, higher activities were achieved immobilizing ( nBuCp) 2ZrCl 2 on silica that was previously modified with MAO and Cp 2NbCl 2. Some immobilization protocols led to catalyst systems which were even more active than the homogenous counterpart. Effects of support structure and chemical modification on the catalyst performance are presented and discussed.

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